Sentence Linkers/Linking Devices
A conjunction is a word that joins words or sentences together.
1. He is honest and she is intelligent. (Two sentences are connected here.)
2. Three and three make six. (Two words are connected here.)
Conjunctions are words that join clauses together to make sentences, and tell how the meanings of the clauses relate to each other.
Kinds of conjunctions
- A. Coordinate Conjunctions
- B. Subordinate Conjunctions
- C. Correlative Conjunctions
They connect subordinating clauses with other clauses.
Such as: - After, although, as, as if, as long as, as though, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, in order that, now that, once, rather than, since, so that, than, that, though, till, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereas, wherever, while
1. We are going out to meet him after we finish our work.
2. While I was waiting in line for my turn, I was having my lunch.
3. I love her because she is so cute.
Such as = Either … or, Neither…Nor, Both…. And, whether… or, not only… but also.
Conjunctive adverbs make up an even stronger category of conjunctions. They show logical relationships between two independent sentences, between sections of paragraphs, or between entire paragraphs.
Conjunctive adverbs are so emphatic that they should be used sparingly: however, when used appropriately, they can be quite effective.
Such as Also, Hence, However, Still, Likewise, Otherwise, Therefore. Conversely, Rather, Consequently, Furthermore, Nevertheless, Instead, Moreover, Then, Thus, Meanwhile, Accordingly
Examples: - If the fish is grilled, I will have that: otherwise, I might have the chicken.
They are closely related to conjunctive adverbs. Expletives convey no meaning of their own but instead serve only to emphasize the statement to which they are attached. As such, then, they technically do not show a logical relationship like time or cause between ideas, and that fact prevents them from being treated as conjunctive adverbs.
Such as : -Of course, indeed, naturally, after all, in short, I Hope, at least, remarkably, in fact, on the whole, Overall, I Suppose, It seems, In brief, I think, clearly assuredly, definitely to be sure without doubt, for all that, in any event, importantly, certainly.
Use of Coordinating Conjunctions
Kamla sent mail in her application and waited by the call for a response.
Rajesh heard the weather forecast and immediately went home.
Harsh is Smart and Stalin has a nice smile.
Mumbai is a rich city and suffers from many elements of urban stain.
· To reflect that one clause is conditionally dependent upon another (usually the first clause is an imperative)
Use your Credit card without care and you will soon find yourself deep in debt.
Raveena became addicted to Gambling and that surprised no one who knew her.
John lost a fortune in the stock market, but he still seems able to live quite comfortably.
The club never invested foolishly, but used the services of some smart advisers.
Everybody but Jai Krishna was trying out for the team.
You study hard for this exam or you will not get good marks.
We can cook dinner tonight, or we can just eat leftovers.
JDB College is the Premier Girls College in the district, or so it seems to JDB alumnae.
There are no tigers in this sanctuary, or so our guide tells us.
“ Do or Die”
· To suggest a negative alternative without the use of an imperative
They must approve his political style or they would not keep electing him President.
The conjunction NOR is not used often as other, so it might fell a bit odd. It can be used with other negative expressions.
He is neither sane nor smart.
The word YET functions sometimes as an adverb. It can be used reflecting several meanings as - In addition, even, still, eventually, and as soon as now.
Jack plays basketball well, yet his favorite game is cricket.
Yet also functions as a Coordinating conjunction meaning like nevertheless, or but.
The word for is most often used as preposition, It is also used, as Coordinating Conjunction. Beginning a sentence with the conjunction for should be avoided. Its function is to introduce the reason for the preceding clause.
Most of the visitors were happy just relaxing under the shade, for it had been a long, dusty journey on the cart..
So, sometimes connects two independent clauses along with a comma, but sometimes it does not.
She has always been nervous in large gatherings, so it is no surprise that she avoids crowd.
· Time: - when, whenever, till, until, before, after, as soon as, as, since, while.
When I went to office, the peon was going to his home.
· Cause or reason – as, because, since,
He is allowed to enter as he is invited by us.
· Purpose – that, so that, in order that, lest
We eat that we may live.
· Result or Consequence – so that, such that, that
The coffee is so hot that I cannot drink it.
· Condition – If , Unless, provided, that, supposing
He will help you if you ask him.
· Place – where, wherever, whither, whence
Let her go wherever she likes to go
· Comparison – as…as, So…as, unluckiness
He is as strong as your brother is.
· Concession - though, although, yet, notwithstanding, however
She is poor yet she is trustworthy.
· Manner –as, as though, so far as
He spoke as if he was drunk.
And, and… also, as well as, Both…and well, now
He came and wrote an application.
Else, otherwise, either …or, neither…nor
He should join or he will be terminated.
However, but, still, yet, only, nevertheless, while
He was not sincere however, he got promotion.
Illative (Inferential) Conjunctions
For, so, therefore
You are in power, so you are respected.
Some more important conjunction
- Not only … but also…
- Neither nor
- Either or
- Both and
- So That
- No sooner Than
- Hardly had… when
- So soon as
Conjunctions: Who, whom, whose, which, when, where
I saw a woman, who wore a red sari.
He is the manager whom I met yesterday.
I know Suresh whose son passed PMT.
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